Biometric authentication involves the process of recognizing individuals by analyzing unique physiological traits that are distinct to each person, such as fingerprints, facial features, DNA patterns, iris scans, and heart rhythms.
Biometric security encompasses various technologies, strategies, and practices that use biometric authentication to ensure safety.
The applications of biometric security tools are extensive and versatile, ranging from authorizing consumer transactions to granting access to secure facilities. Furthermore, biometrics can play a crucial role in identifying potential suspects in criminal investigations.
It is important to note that biometric verification is widely regarded as a superior and more dependable security measure than other methods. Nevertheless, the efficacy of a given biometric indicator can fluctuate depending on the specific context and circumstances. This is due to the fact that various technologies rely on distinct authentication factors:
Ownership, which can be easily compromised. For instance, if a physical card is stolen, the security measure is compromised. Furthermore, individuals with the requisite knowledge can use stolen cardholder information to produce counterfeit cards. This vulnerability is amplified in online transactions where no physical card is involved; here, fraudsters can simply utilize the cardholder’s information while masquerading as a legitimate buyer.
Knowledge, is another factor that can be relatively simple for fraudsters to bypass. Scammers employ tactics like phishing attacks, card skimming, and manipulating cameras to deceive cardholders into revealing the sensitive information necessary for authorizing purchases.
In the case of alternative payment methods based on biometrics, however, the reliance is on inherence factors. These are inherently more secure because the verification process is based on physiological traits.
Written by Andrii Vovk